Why sociology specifically stresses such importance of differentiating s3x and gender?
Sociology first began creating a distinct definition between gender and s3x around the 1950s, with the American supreme court eventually clarifying for legal purposes that “The word gender has acquired the new and useful connotation of cultural or attitudinal characteristics (as opposed to physical characteristics) distinctive to the s3xes. That is to say, gender is to s3x as the feminine is to female and masculine is to male” (Vyain et al., 2014).
• s3x refers to a person’s biological or genetic s3x and is solely determined by biological causes. A person of the female s3x has female DNA, or XX chromosomes, whereas a person of male s3x has male DNA or XY chromosomes.
• Gender refers to the socially created qualities of women, men, girls, and boys. This covers the standards, behaviors, and roles that come with being a woman, man, girl, or boy, as well as interpersonal interactions. Gender as a social construct differs from one civilization to the next and can considerably change through time.• Biological and physical distinctions between males and females are referred to as s3x. These distinctions persist through time and between civilizations, but the concept of gender shifts over time and within communities. The culturally created meanings, actions, and attitudes related to what it means to be male or female in a specific society are referred to as gender.
The wage gap between men and women is one of the most frequently discussed areas in need of work when talking about social stratification in the workplace. This is often compounded with the discussion which Vyain et al. (2014) argue, how in addition to working for less, many women are often subject to doing more support for their male-s3xed partners and more than their fair share of menial homework as well. We could focus then on repairing stratification based on s3x and gender in the workplace in several ways.
• Enhancing equal pay for the same job roles. Pay should be based on work duties, and a consistent pay structure should be implemented to increase transparency and reduce pay disparities. To minimize any misunderstandings, pay decisions should be communicated to employees in advance. A yearly pay audit may also be used to determine whether or not gender stratification exists in a company.• Putting Work-Life Balance at the forefront to minimize workplace stress. Due to a shortage of childcare assistance services in businesses throughout the world, women, in general, have a tough time achieving their work ambitions. Companies’ insufficient childcare help correlates to a reduction in female labor force participation rates. Paternal leaves for dads should be offered to reduce the stress of working moms and help them accomplish their career objectives, since it not only allows women to focus on their careers, but it also allows fathers to participate in the child’s upbringing.• Providing mentorship at workplaces. It’s not always enough to just promote women in the workplace. Many people want more advice and expertise in order to reach their job goals. Mentoring programs help to create a more diversified work environment. They shine a stronger spotlight on minorities and women, assisting them in climbing the professional ladder via the use of networks, abilities, and organizational expertise.
How gender stratification can be harmful to both men and women? Compared to males, some of the measurable ways that gender stratification impacts women internationally include:• They receive low pay for equivalent labor.• Lower rates of schooling.• Greater rates of unpaid employment, due to many socially deemed responsibilities, i.e., providing care to sick family, and maternity leave.• They are associated with higher levels of stress.• They are exposed to s3xual assault, intimate partner abuse, and gender-based violence.• They face considerable underrepresentation in the government.
Men• Boys face physical neglect, often coupled with negative psychological traits such as ignoring emotions.• Men can also be s3xually abused, with some considering male s3xual assault, not a real crime.• Men are faced with pressure to be successful, both physically and financially, at workplaces.
In conclusion, both men and women are faced with high levels of stress, s3xual abuse, violence, some level of unpaid employment, and low pay to some degree. Men should also be considered, as they are also victims of social stratification, albeit at a statistically lesser rate. There is a need for equality and acknowledgment that everyone faces harm due to stratification. Institutions should put stringent measures to curb the effects of stratification and bring equality in workplaces and other institutions.
Vyain, S., Scaramuzzo, G., Cody-Rydzewski, S., Griffiths, H., Strayer, E., Keirns, N., McGivern, R., & Little, W. (2014, November 6). Introduction to sociology - 1st Canadian edition. Introduction to Sociology 1st Canadian Edition. Retrieved November 22, 2021, from https://opentextbc.ca/introductiontosociology/.